Theoretical Development Sources for Columbus

Alan, George & Liu, Joseph W.H. (1991) Computer solution of large sparse positive definite systems. Prentice-Hall.

Bomford, G. (1985) Geodesy, 4th ed., Oxford University Press.

Bowring, B.R. (1981) The Direct and Inverse Problems for Short Geodesic Lines on the Ellipsoid, Surveying and Mapping, Vol. 41, No. 2.

Brinker, R.C. & Wolf, P.R. (1977). Elementary Surveying, Sixth ed., Thomas Y. Crowell Company.

Buckner, R.B. (1983). Surveying measurements and their analysis, Landmark Enterprises.

DMA Technical Report (1987). Department of Defense World Geodetic System 1984.

Hirvonen, R.A. (1971). Adjustment by least squares in geodesy and photogrammetry, F. Ungar Publishing Co.

Hoar, G.J. (1982). Satellite surveying, Magnavox.

Laurila, S.H. (1983). Electronic surveying in practice, John Wiley & Sons.

Leick, A. (1990). GPS Satellite Surveying, John Wiley & Sons.

Lindgren, B.W. (1976). Statistical theory, 3rd ed., MacMillan Publishing Co.

Mikhail, E.M. (1982). Observations and least squares, Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc.

Mikhail, E.M. & Gracie, G. (1981). Analysis and adjustment of survey measurements, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

Milbert, D.G. & Kass, W.G. (1987). Adjust: The horizontal observation adjustment program, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NGS-47.

Moffitt, F.H. & Bouchard, H. (1975). Surveying, Sixth ed., Harper & Row, Pub.

Papers for the CISM adjustment and analysis seminars, (1987). 2nd ed., The Canadian Institute of Surveying and Mapping.

Pope, Allen J. (1976). The Statistics of Residuals and Detection of Outliers, NOAA Technical Report NOS 65 NGS 1, Rockville, MD

Snay, Richard A. (1976). Reducing the profile of sparse symmetric matrices, NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NGS-4.

Steeves, R.R. (1984). Mathematical models for use in the readjustment of the North American geodetic networks, Geodetic Survey of Canada.

Vanicek, P. AND E.J. KRAKIWSKY (1986). Geodesy: The concepts, 2nd ed., North-Holland.

Vinenty, T. (1986). Application of the Chord Method to Solutions of Geodetic Lines, Surveying and Mapping, Vol. 46, No. 4.

Vincenty, T. (1975). Direct And Inverse Solutions Of Geodesics On The Ellipsoid With Application Of Nested Equations, Survey Review, XXII, No. 176, p. 88-93.

Wolf, P.R. & Ghilani, C.D. (1997). Adjustment Computations, John Wiley & Sons.